Sunday, February 17, 2008
Whether you are a host or a guest, there are many social situations that will call for interaction, even when you are stumped for some way to get it going. For example, you might want to help a friend's new "significant other" feel comfortable. Or, you might see a stranger across a crowded room, and realize that this is your only chance to impress Mr. or Miss Wonderful. Then, you realize that you're not sure what to say.
- Start with a "hello," and simply tell the new person your name then ask them theirs. Offer your hand to shake, upon his or her responding to you. If you already know the person, skip this step and proceed to step 2.
- Look around. See if there is anything worth pointing out. Sure, talking about the weather is a cliche, but if there's something unusual about it--bam!--you've got a great topic of conversation.
- Offer a compliment. Don't lie and say you love someone's hair when you think it's revolting, but if you like his or her shoes, or a handbag, say so. A sincere compliment is a wonderful way to get someone to warm up to you. But be careful not to say something so personal that you scare the person off or make him or her feel uncomfortable. It is best not to compliment a person's looks or body.
- Ask questions! People love to talk about themselves --- get them going. "What classes are you taking this year?" "Have you seen -Here)? What did you think of it?" Again, keep the questions light and not invasive. Do not ask too many questions if he or she is not responsive to them.
- And another thing, do not ask any question about yourself, because that will most likely make the conversation about you, and people don't like that either.
- Jump on any conversation-starters he or she might offer; take something he or she has said and run with it. Agree, disagree, ask a question about it, or offer an opinion, just don't let it go by without notice.
- Look your newfound friend in the eye, it engenders trust (but don't stare). If the conversation goes on, you can possibly touch (lightly, don't claw) his or her hand, elbow or shoulder. Also, use the person's name a time or two during the conversation; it will help you remember the name, and will draw the person's attention to what you are talking about.
- Just relax. Chances are that whatever small-talk you're making isn't going to stick out in anyone's mind a few months from now. Just say whatever comes into your head, so long as it's not offensive or really weird. (Unless, of course, the person you're attempting to converse with is into weird stuff.)
- It will help if you watch some TV, listen to radio shows, and/or read a lot -- newspapers, magazines, and/or books. You need to have some idea of what is going on in the world. If you are shy, it will be helpful to have thought about a topic or two that you could talk about.
- Follow the lead that your listener is expressing. If he or she appears interested, then continue. If he or she is looking at a clock or watch, or worse, looking for an escape strategy, then you have been going on for too long.
- Interesting and funny quotes or facts can lighten things up, & make way for things to talk about.
- If talking over the phone, keep the person involved in the conversation at all costs. If you can't come up with a good topic, try the "questions" game. Just keep asking them questions; random questions work just fine as long as they are appropriate. This technique can save a phone conversation.
- Half of an effective conversation is the way you non-verbally communicate, and not necessarily what you say. Practice better non-verbal skills that are friendly and confident.
Holography is three-dimensional laser photography. The hologram is a true, three-dimensional record of the original object. It contains depth and parallax, which is the ability to see around the object to objects placed behind.
The word, hologram is composed of the Greek terms, "holos" for "whole view"; and gram, meaning "written". A hologram is a three-dimensional record of the positive interference of laser light waves. A technical term for holography is wavefront reconstruction. In holography, we record the positive interference of matching wavefronts of laser light. This three-dimensional record is formed as a diffraction pattern; a series of very fine lines, or concentric circles. This diffraction grating bends the viewing light back onto the path of the original recording wavefronts of laser light. The three-dimensional version of the object - the hologram - is reconstructed as light.
Worldwide, counterfeiters rob almost US$ 300 Billion of legitimate business turnover! This is a seriously threatening issue - while the counterfeit product absorbs your goodwill, it passes on its own shortcomings to your products. The results can be disastrous. Several deaths (of people and brands) have been reported due to a counterfeit product.
The very concept of Holograms has emerged from the need to have a mark of authentication that is simple enough to be identified by even an untrained or illiterate eye, and yet sophisticated enough to make it near impossible to be duplicated or replicated. A Hologram is the culmination of several processes involving physical, chemical and artistic inputs. The extremely high level of technology that goes into its manufacture coupled with the exclusivity of the technology makes it far beyond the reach of a counterfeiter.
Uniqueness is inherent in the very process of Holographic Recording. If the same holographer but at two different point of time or if two different holographers but at the same point of time, were to carry out holographic recording from " the positive" of each layer, minute examination will reveal subtle differences between the two versions of the same hologram created by them. Thus it is impossible to make an exact replica of the hologram and therefore it is regarded as virtually impossible to replicate.
How to Make Hologram Sticker?
step1. Make hologram master origination (Master origiantion shooting system, 2D/3D or Dot-matrix)
step2. Recombine Dot-matrix master in size of160mm*160. 2D/3D master doesn't need recombination. (Recombiner)
step3. Copy operation nickel shim from hologram master origination(Electronic Forming Machine)
step4. Emboss metallized PET film, transparent film(Narrow Web Hard Embosser)
step5. Laminate silicon liner together with embossed hologram film(Lamination Machine)
step6. Die-cutting, Slitting (Die-cutting Machine)
Some uses of holography
In display holography,the advent of pulsed lasers has made it possible to capture images of plants, animals and humans as well as inanimate objects.
Holographic packaging materials have become popular and cheap.
Security: The use of holograms on credit cards and bank-notes has reduced the opportunity for forgery
Interferometry: If a "double exposure" hologram is made of an object before and after the object is subjected to stress, the change in the shape of the object due to that stress is recorded as a series of light and dark bands. In industrial situations this can be used in component testing and quality control.
Medical records: Medical, dental and other records can be made both for teaching and for documentation.
Measurements: Particle physicists make holographic records of bubble-chambers from which accurate measurements can be made.
Display of artifacts: Many museums have made holograms of valuable articles in their collections, both for insurance purposes and to check for deterioration. In the former Soviet Union exhibitions of holograms of national treasures were sent to remote areas, enabling people to see and appreciate their national heritage without the necessity of travelling to major museums in Moscow or Leningrad (St. Petersburg)
Holographic Optical Elements (HOEs): If a hologram is made of a lens, mirror or other optical element, it acts in the same way as that element. HOEs can be used, for example, in bar-code readers..